A traumatic brain injury, or TBI, is a complex injury displaying a wide variety of symptoms. A TBI occurs when an external force traumatically damages the brain, in some cases resulting in devastating complications and even death. Every year, millions of people in the United States experience head and brain injuries, most commonly resulting from motor vehicle accidents, falls and violence. Brain injuries may lead to temporarily or permanently impaired brain function, depending on the severity of the injury, among other severe side effects. One of the most dangerous aspects of brain injuries is that a victim may not realize he is injured and symptoms may not appear until days or weeks after the injury. At that point, irreversible damage may already have been done.
A victim of a traumatic brain injury will likely require long-term medical care and rehabilitation, which will result in exorbitant medical expenses. Most people assume that if they suffer from a traumatic brain injury, they will be protected by their insurance company. However, many TBI claims are rejected by insurance companies or result in a settlement well below what the victim is entitled to. Furthermore, a TBI victim will typically require a temporary or permanent leave from work and may be unable to participate in everyday activities, resulting in a loss of income and quality of life. Approximately seventeen out of every 100,000 traumatic brain injuries in the United States are fatal; in this case the victim’s family will be emotionally compromised and without a critical source of income. The only way to fight a rejected insurance claim and receive fair compensation for a severe or fatal traumatic brain injury resulting from an accident is to hire a brain injury lawyer to represent your case.
Symptoms resulting from a traumatic brain injury can be classified as mild, moderate or severe, depending on the extent of damage to the brain. A person with mild symptoms may remain conscious and experience symptoms like confusion, headache, dizziness, blurred vision, ringing in the ears, fatigue, change on behavior and difficulty concentrating. A person with a moderate or severe TBI may experience these same symptoms, but may also experience a progressively worsening headache, repeated vomiting or nausea, seizures, unconsciousness for more than thirty minutes, slurred speech, loss of coordination, and increased confusion or agitation. Secondary symptoms of traumatic brain injuries include alterations in cerebral blood flow and pressure within the skull.
It is imperative to seek medical attention immediately following an injury to the head in order to prevent these symptoms from occurring. While there is little that can be done to reverse damage done by a TBI, medical treatment can help prevent any further damage. Complications resulting from a TBI depend upon the severity and location of the damage, but may include problems with memory, thinking and reasoning, sensation, behavior, mental health, language, emotions and communication. Approximately 50% of individuals with severe traumatic brain injuries will require surgery to remove or repair ruptured blood vessels or bruised brain tissue. Further treatment for severe cases may include rehabilitation and long-term medical care.
A traumatic brain injury can have a devastating impact on the victim and his family. Our brains make us who we are; the complications associated with a brain injury can affect all physical and emotional aspects of a victim’s life, including behavior and personality. While a broken bone limits the use of an arm or leg, severe damage to the brain limits the functionality of every aspect of a victim’s life. Major traumatic brain injuries can be fatal or leave a victim in a long-term unresponsive state, and minor injuries can still be catastrophic, affecting family, occupation, communication, and social aspects of an individual’s life.
Traumatic brain injuries are a major cause of deaths and disability world-wide, especially in children and young adults. These types of injuries can lead to lifelong pain and suffering for a victim and his family, as well as financial hardship and loss of quality of life. Unfortunately, even the best medical insurance policies may not cover all medical expenses associated with a TBI, leaving a brain-injured victim without financial help and unable to return to work. Traumatic brain injury victims should consider how a brain injury lawsuit can help them receive the compensation they are entitled to. Litigation in a brain injury case can be complicated, but a brain injury attorney will have the experience and knowledge necessary to help guide your lawsuit toward a fair settlement or compensation for damages. If you or a loved one has suffered from a TBI as a result of an accident, contact a brain injury attorney to have your case reviewed by an expert.