Aortic valve stenosis occurs when the heart’s aortic valve narrows, preventing the valve from opening fully. This obstructs the flow of blood from the heart into the aorta and to the rest of the body. The aorta is the main artery carrying blood out of the heart, and when the aortic valve is obstructed, the heart has to work harder to pump blood out to the body. A similar type of heart defect is pulmonary valve stenosis, a congenital heart valve disorder in which the outflow of blood from the heart’s right ventricle to the pulmonary artery is obstructed, decreasing the amount of blood that flows to the lungs. If your child has suffered from aortic or pulmonary valve stenosis, which you believe to be the result of a medical mistake, contact an experienced birth defect attorney immediately. Your child may be entitled to lifetime care or financial compensation for his injuries and medical expenses.
In children with aortic valve stenosis, pressure increases inside the left ventricle as the aortic valve becomes more narrow. This causes the left ventricle to become thicker, which decreases blood flow and causes chest pain. As the pressure continues to rise, blood may begin to back up into the lungs, causing symptoms like shortness of breath. In severe cases of aortic valve stenosis, the defect may prevent an adequate amount of blood from reaching the brain and the rest of the body, which can cause fainting and a light-headed feeling. Pulmonary valve stenosis typically results in symptoms like:
In mild cases of aortic or pulmonary valve stenosis, affected children may not require any treatment besides monitoring by a healthcare professional. For those who do require aortic valve stenosis treatment, medications are sometimes used to manage symptoms of heart failure or abnormal heart rhythms. Surgery may sometimes be required in these patients to repair or replace the damaged valve, even if symptoms are only minor. In some cases, a less invasive procedure called balloon valvuloplasty may be conducted, during which a balloon is placed into an artery in the groin, advanced to the heart, placed across the valve, and inflated. Potential complications associated with aortic valve stenosis include dangerous heart arrhythmias, life-sided heart failure, endocarditis, and possibly death.
Children born with pulmonary valve stenosis may also benefit from the ballon valvuloplasty procedure if no other heart defects are present. Some patients with this birth defect may require heart surgery to repair or replace the pulmonary valve. Approximately one-third of patients with mild pulmonary valve stenosis get better, one-third stay the same, and one-third get worse. Some children with this condition may suffer from complications like heart failure, cyanosis, right ventricular hypertrophy, pulmonary regurgitation after repair, and even death.
Aortic and pulmonary valve stenosis are serious conditions which can result in devastating complications for affected children. If you or a loved one has suffered from a birth defect like pulnonary valve stenosis or aortic valve stenosis, and you believe a medical error to be the cause, consult a skilled birth defect attorney today. You may have grounds to file a medical malpractice lawsuit against the doctor, hospital or Ob/Gyn responsible for your care, in order to pursue financial compensation for your injuries, medical expenses, and pain and suffering. No one should have to live with a serious birth defect because of the alleged negligence or poor training of a medical professional. By hiring an experienced birth defect lawyer to represent your case, you can collect the financial compensation you deserve and possibly prevent the occurrence of similar medical mistakes in the future.